PERBANDINGAN HUKUM PENGATURAN STANDARDISASI MENURUT AGREEMENT TBT DAN UNDANG-UNDANG NO. 7 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG PERDAGANGAN

Syukri Hidayatullah
  Arena Hukum, Vol 9, No 2 (2016),  pp. 271-288  
Viewed : 387 times

Abstract


Abstract

Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade has been agreed as part of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade /GATT and implemented by the WTO member states. In Indonesia, Act No.7/2014 About Trade adopted the system, such as standardization, technical regulations and conformity assessment. This research aims to get the enforcement of standardization according to Act No.7/2014 as compared with the provisions of the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade and to obtain the impact of standardization in reducing technical barriers to trade. The research is a normative legal research using comparative approach. The degree of object comparison is discussed using economic analysis of law. The result shows that economic analysis assumes rational behavior of the State to achieve maximum prosperity through multilateral trade agreements. Multilateral agreements are an efficient choice because it produces a universal agreement. Thus, the allocation of norms of standardization in Act No.7/2014 About Trade is assumed to sync with the Agreement on Technical Barrier to Trade, but there is a difference in controlling the equilibrium of treatment. Standardization is still considered to become potential for technical barriers of trade. The essence of this obstacle accounts as internal measures.

 

Abstrak

Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade disepakati sebagai bagian dari perjanjian General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) dan dilaksanakan oleh negara –negara anggota WTO. Di Indonesia, Undang-undang No.7 Tahun 2014 tentang Perdagangan mengatur norma yang diadopsi dari Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, yaitu standardisasi, regulasi teknis dan penilaian kesesuaian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan hasil pemberlakuan standardisasi menurut Undang-undang No.7 Tahun 2014 tentang Perdagangan yang dibandingkan dengan Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade dan untuk mendapatkan dampak standardisasi dalam mengurangi hambatan teknis perdagangan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian hukum normatif. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan pendekatan perbandingan hukum. Derajat perbandingan objek penelitian dibahas menggunakan analisis ekonomi terhadap hukum. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa analisis ekonomi mengasumsikan perilaku rasional Negara untuk mencapai kemakmuran yang sebesar-besarnya melalui perjanjian dagang multilateral. Perjanjian multilateral merupakan pilihan sikap yang efisien karena menghasilkan perjanjian yang universal. Dengan demikian, alokasi norma standardisasi dalam Undang-undang No.7 Tahun 2014 tentang Perdagangan sinkron dengan Agreement on Technical Barrier to Trade. Standardisasi bekerja sebagai instrumen hukum dalam pasar bebas melalui perlindungan lingkungan, keselamatan konsumen, kemanan dan kesehatan publik. Instrumen standardisasi membantu konsumen membandingkan karakteristik produksi dan menambah preferensi bagi konsumen untuk produk sejenis.


Keywords


Agreemen TBT; Perdagangan

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References


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