THE ISPS CODE AND ITâ€™S IMPLEMENTATION IN MALAYSIA
AbstractAbstractThe International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code was introduced by International MaritimeOrganization (IMO) on December 2002. The purpose is to enhance maritime security by outliningminimum security standards for ships and port facilities and also to establish an international frameworkfor cooperation in efficiently collecting and sharing information to detect security threats suchterrorism and to take preventive actions. Malaysia had ratified the ISPS Code on 2003 and the ISPSCode was enforced worldwide on 2004. Several problems were encountered at the beginning stage of theISPS Code implementation. Thus, this article examines the implementation of ISPS Code in Malaysiaand its implications. The implementation of ISPS Code has given positive implications by increasingsecurity level of ships and port facilities in Malaysia. The ISPC Code imposes strict requirement of thecertificate of the ship, better control of port facility, and restricts unauthorised access to ship and portfacilities area. The implementation of the ISPS Code should be emulated worldwide.Key words: ISPS code, ship, port
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